Adrienne von Speyr - Maria in der Erlösung
Book

Maria in der Erlösung Mary in the Redemption

In the present volume, which originally appeared in 1979, Adrienne von Speyr probes “the ultimate profundities of Mariology. Each piece forms a meditation in its own right, while the order in which the pieces have been placed originates with the editor. Yet they all revolve around the same mysterious center, identifiable in the words ‘pre-redemption’ and ‘co-redemption.’ The author does not allow superficial misgivings about these terms to impede her; she knows full well the infinite difference between the work of the God-Man and that of his Mother, ‘who let things be done’” (From the Introduction by Hans Urs von Balthasar).

Introduction by Hans Urs von Balthasar

Ecce Ancilla
Pre-Redemption — Co-Redemption
Mary’s Pre-Redemption from the Beginning of Creation (Mary as the First Eve)
On the Pre-Redemption
Mary’s Co-Redemption
Mary’s Unity in Christ’s Unity
How Mary Mediates
Mother of the Living: Eve and Mary
Mary and the Prophets
The Marian Aspect of Salvation History
Mary’s Mission during the Passion
Co-Redemption at the Cross
Co-Redemption with Sinners
Mary and the Spirit at the Cross
The Church as Eve and Mary
Mary and Office
Mary and Pentecost
Mary and the Body of Christ
Mary and the Eucharist
The Motherhood of Mary

Mary, the pre-redeemed, is already active as the one planned by God. In this respect, she forms a unique encounter between creation and (pre)-redemption. A human father can say, “I want my son to be a doctor. From the day he was born I’ve done everything I can to make sure it happens.” But the son is of course always free to do something else. When, however, God the Father begins with Mary and her pre-redemption, the realization of his plan already exists, so to speak. It is absolutely certain that she will henceforth belong to heaven and that her place there was secured from its creation. She is not pre-redeemed in a mere image or idea, but in fact and reality. It is a fact with real consequences. In eternal life such concrete certainties do exist. Accordingly, something of her already existed at the creation of the world. Her characteristics do not float around unpossessed, but rather she possesses them from the beginning. She has her place in the course of the world’s creation precisely because of her function as “Co-Redemptrix.” The idea of “co-redemption” is “older” than that of pre-redemption: The latter is a consequence of the former, a means to an end.

In Mary resides the idea of the perfect human being, an idea that God had when he created the first human being. Thus Mary is in fact not the second but the first Eve; she is the one who did not fall and who sees how the second Eve does fall.

Assume that a sculptor has a block of marble. Because the block has a certain form, he decides to shape the statue in a certain way. He will get to work on the statue, however, only once he has made a model out of ordinary clay of what he has in mind. Although the shape of the stone played a part in determining the idea, which is now exact in his mind, he will get to work on the marble only once he has made the clay model. In relation to Eve, Mary is the piece of marble that was there from the start.

From “Mary’s Pre-Redemption from the Beginning of Creation (Mary as the First Eve)”